Kupanikizika kwamadzi

28 April 2020

Kupanikizika kwamadzi

Madzi kupanikizika kwa madzi, malamulo okhala ndi fyuluta ndi magetsi. Zovuta zimasintha madzi zomwe zimachitika mumadzi nthawi zambiri zimabweretsa, pakati pa ena, kuchokera kumakina osapanga madzi osayenera kapena kumachitika usiku, kumwa kwambiri madzi kumapangitsa kuti magetsi azikula, zomwe zingapangitse kuwonongeka kwa kuyika ndi zida zolumikizidwa ndikuwonetsa wogwiritsa ntchito ndalama zosafunikira.

Kukhazikitsa madzi ochepetsa madzi Idzachepetsa kupanikizika kowonjezereka kwambiri, kusungira makina nthawi zonse, komanso kukachitika kosinthasintha, kuthandiza kupulumutsa madzi popewa kuthamanga kwake, kuthetsa ngozi ya nyundo yamadzi ndikuchepetsa phokoso ndi phokoso lomwe limachitika panthawi yogwiritsa ntchito madzi.

Othandizira kuthamanga kwamadzi amakhazikitsidwa kumbuyo mita yamadzi i fyuluta yamadzi pa chingwe chachikulu champhamvu. Zitha kuikidwanso m'malo opanga ma heteroma ndi akasinja, koma yankho limagwiritsidwa ntchito pokhapokha ngati kulumikizana kwakukulu sikungatheke.

Imayikidwa kale ndi pambuyo pa woyang'anira mavalavu otsekedwa, ikuthandizira kukhazikitsidwa kwake ndikukonzanso pambuyo pake. Chipangizocho chimayikidwa pamtondo.

Onaninso: Magetsi opangira magetsi

Chochepetsa madzi chimatha kukhazikitsidwa m'malo osiyanasiyana amdongosolo lamadzi:

  • msonkhano wapakati - pambuyo pa mita yamadzi, valavu yayikulu ndi Zosefera pa chingwe chachikulu champhamvu. Mukamayikirana, kumbukirani za gawo loyenda lomwe lili kumbuyo kwa woyang'anira ndikuyika woyang'anira pambuyo pofalitsa dongosolo. Kukhazikitsa zoyeserera za dongosolo lonse kumapulumutsa madzi.
  • msonkhano wosankhidwa - pamizere yamagetsi otsekera madzi ndi akasinja osungirako, pomwe cholinga chokhazikitsa chopondera madzi ndikuletsa kuvulaza valavu yotetezeka chifukwa cha kusinthasintha kwa opaleshoni. Izi zimapangitsa kuti ma heater activation akhale ochepa.
  • zosokoneza - kokha m'malo oyika boiler komanso munthawi yomweyo kugwiritsa ntchito mitu yokhala ndi ma thermostats. Chochitika choponderezedwa chimatha kuwoneka pano, chomwe chingapangitse kuti magetsi asadalitsidwe. Potere, opanikizira anzawo amayenera kuyendetsa kayendedwe ka madzi otentha ndi ozizira.
  • - m'makina operekeramwachitsanzo m'manyumba okwera kwambiri, kudzera pamagetsi othandizira pomwe pamafunika mayesero ambiri. Zotsitsira zamagetsi zam'madzi zimagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati kupumula komwe kumayikirako kumapitirira 5 bar kapena kupumula kwa kukwera kwa valavu yachitetezo (mwachitsanzo, chotenthetsera madzi) chimaposa 80% yakutsegulira kwake.

Kupanikizika kwa madzi m'mapaipi kuyenera kusintha maluso a zida ndi machitidwe omwe amaphatikizidwa pakukhazikitsa madzi. Kupsyinjika kwamadzi kwambiri zimatha kuwononga kapena kusayendetsa bwino dongosolo, chifukwa chake madzi amachepetsa mphamvu ya madzi amawaika mumadzi.

Gawo logwira ntchito la yochepetsera iliyonse ndi yapadera nembanemba udindo wa momwe madzi amachepetsa madzi amayenda mumadzi.

Mphepo yamadzi ikamalira kwambiri nembanemba mu reductor, kasupe amakwezedwa, chomwe chimakulitsa chisindikizo ndikulola kuthina kwamadzi komwe kumafunikira. Kupanikizika kumatsika pansipa yokhazikitsidwa, kasupe amatsika, kulola kuti madzi azituluka.

Pali njira zingapo, zovuta, zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito pamsika koma pofufuza rkuthamanga kwa madzi eductor mfundo chilichonse sichisinthika: diaphragm, chisindikizo ndi valavu zimagwirira ntchito limodzi kuti malo athu azikhala otetezeka.

Nthawi zambiri, kugula kwa madzi ochepetsa kuthana ndi madzi kumakhala kofunikira, chifukwa kugwiritsidwa ntchito kwake kumateteza njira yamadzi ku zolephera zomwe zimayamba chifukwa cha kuthamanga kwambiri ndipo ndi njira yochepetsera kutayika kwa madzi mthupi.

Onaninso: Wofewetsa madzi

Chochepetsa madzi chimagwiritsidwa ntchito pamene:

  • makina ogwiritsira ntchito makina amapitilira mtengo wololedwa
  • kukakamizidwa kwa valavu yachitetezo kudutsa 80% ya valavu yotsegulira valavu
  • Kugwiritsa ntchito kwakanthawi kokhazikitsa kungakhale pachiwopsezo cha kuda nkhawa kwakanthawi
  • kupuma kupanikizika pakukhazikitsa kupitirira 5 bar

Oyang'anira kuthamanga kwa madzi ndiofunikira komwe kupanikizika kwa maukonde kulibe (Kupezeka kwamadzi) yatalika kwambiri chifukwa cha chomera kapena zida kapena imatha kusinthasintha nthawi ndi nthawi.

Onaninso: Kusintha kwa osmosis

Pogulitsa mutha kupeza zida zamapangidwe osiyanasiyana komanso zopangidwa ndi zinthu zosiyanasiyana:

  • Cartridge (katiriji) yochepetsa ili ndi thupi lamkuwa lokhala ndi zolumikizira ndi bokosi lamtundu umodzi lokhala ndi fyuluta ya mesh ndi chidindo. Kupanga kumeneku kumathandiza kuti kuyikirako kuchotsedwe ndi mauna oteteza kuti ayeretse. Njira yonse yochepetsera kupanikizika kwa madzi imakhala mkati mwa katiriji kotero kuti kukonza sikusintha mawonekedwe.
  • zitsulo zosapanga dzimbiri sizogwirizana ndi machitidwe owongolera poyerekeza ndi mkuwa. Zotsalazo ndizodula, koma zimayenda bwino ndikamamwa madzi ambiri.
  • 1 inchi yamadzi yochepetsa kuthamanga, ¾ minimer kapena 1/2 yotsitsira madzi imasankhidwa kutengera kutalika kwa payipi yoperekera. Kukhazikika kwa ochepetsetsa ocheperako ndikofanana ndi okulirapo, ndikusankhidwa bwino, amatha zaka zingapo.
  • kuthamanga kwa madzi kumachepetsa ndi fyuluta ndi yankho labwino kwambiri pakukhazikitsa popanda zosefera zina. Zosefera zilizonse zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito zimateteza kukhazikitsidwa pakuwonongeka kwa makina ndipo ngakhale zitawonongeka, kusintha kwa chosinthira ndikosavuta komanso kotsika mtengo kuposa kuchotsera zolephera zonse pakukhazikitsa kwa madzi kapena kuyika zida zomwe zikugwira ntchito momwemo. Ndikofunika kuti kuyeretsa pafupipafupi kumachitika ndi mauna olumikizira kumtunda kwa madzi opumira.
  • kuthamanga kwa madzi kumachepetsa ndi kupanikizika zomangidwa kapena zakunja zimapangitsa kuti ikhale yosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito komanso zimawonjezera mwayi wogwiritsa ntchito njira yamadzi, ndikupereka kuwerengera mwachangu za kupanikizika kwenikweni mumdongosolo lamadzi.
  • kuthamanga kwa madzi kumachepetsa ndi fyuluta ndi magetsi ndi yankho lokwanira komanso losavuta.

Mitundu ya Cheitor ya owongolera amakhala ndi kukakamiza kosankhidwa kwa fakitale. Ngati mungasankhe zotsitsira mtengo zamadzi zodula, mutha kusintha ndikusintha magawo a chipangizocho pamanja.

Onaninso: Munthu woledzera

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