Umthamo wokucindezela kwamanzi

28 April 2020

Umthamo wokucindezela kwamanzi

Umfutho wamandla wokunciphisa amanzi, umthetho onesihlungi kanye negeji yokucindezela. Izinguquko zokucindezela amanzi okwenzeka ohlelweni lwamanzi kuvame ukuholela, phakathi kwabanye, kusuka ohlelweni lwamanzi olwakhiwe ngokungeyikho noma kwenzeka ebusuku, lapho ukuphuza kwamanzi okuncane kubangela ukwanda kwengcindezi yayo emaphayipini, okungalimaza uhlelo namadivayisi axhunyiwe kuwo, futhi kuveze umsebenzisi ngezindleko ezingadingekile.

Ukufaka isinciphisi sokucindezela kwamanzi izonciphisa ingcindezi ephezulu yokuhlinzekwa ngamandla, igcine ingcindezi yesistimu ihlala njalo, futhi uma kwenzeka ukuguquguquka kwengcindezi yokungena, isize ukonga amanzi ngokuvimbela ukuhamba kwawo ngokweqile, kuqede ingozi yesando samanzi futhi kunciphise umsindo nemisindo ekhiqizwa ngesikhathi sokusebenza kohlelo lwamanzi.

Abalawuli bezingcindezi zamanzi babekwa ngemuva imitha yamanzi i isihlungi samanzi ngentambo yamandla eyinhloko. Zingafakwa futhi ezindaweni ezifakwe kumapayipi e-hetertha namathangi, noma kunjalo, lesi sixazululo sisetshenziswa kuphela uma ukufinyelela kokuxhumeka okukhulu kungeke kwenzeke.

Ifakwe ngaphambi nangemva komlawuli ukuvala ama-valve, inika amandla ukusetha kwayo kanye nokunakekelwa okulandelayo. Idivayisi ifakwe ngokuthe nkqo.

Bheka futhi: Amandla kagesi

Isilinganiso sokunciphisa amanzi singafakwa ezindaweni ezihlukile zohlelo lwamanzi:

  • umhlangano omkhulu ngemuva kwemitha yamanzi, i-valve enkulu futhi hlunga ngentambo yamandla eyinhloko. Ngesikhathi sokufaka, khumbula ngesigaba sokuhamba sokuthula esingemva kwesilawuli futhi ngokufaka i-Administrator ngemuva kokushayela uhlelo. Ukubeka ingcindezi eyisisekelo yohlelo lonke kusindisa amanzi.
  • umhlangano ohlikiwe - emigqeni yokuhlinzekwa kokushisa kwamanzi okuvaliwe namathangi okugcina, lapho inhloso yokufaka isinciphisi sokucindezela kwamanzi ukugwema ukuvula i-valve yokuphepha uma kwenzeka ukuguquguquka kwengcindezi yokusebenza. Lokhu kuvumela imvamisa ye-heater activation ukuthi incishiswe.
  • phazamisekile - kuphela endaweni yokufaka i-boiler kanye nokusetshenziswa kanyekanye kwamakhanda ane-thermostats. Ingcindezi yengozi yebhuloho ingavela lapha, okuzodala ukuvezwa kwe-valve yokuphepha. Kulokhu, abacindezeli bezingcindezi kufanele balawule ukugeleza kwamanzi ashisayo nabandayo.
  • - ezinhlelweni zokuphakelwaisb. ezakhiweni eziphakeme kakhulu, ngezinhlelo zokunyusa ingcindezi lapho kudingeka khona izindawo zokucindezela eziningi. Izithako zokunciphisa amanzi zisetshenziswa lapho ingcindezi yokuphumula ohlelweni idlula ibha engu-5 noma lapho ingcindezi yokuphumula ephakeme ye-valve yokuphepha (isb. Ihekitha lamanzi) idlula i-80% yengcindezi yayo yokuvula.

Umfutho wamanzi ngamapayipi kufanele uguqulwe ukuze ukwazi ukusebenza kwamadivayisi nezinhlelo ezifakiwe ekufakweni kwamanzi. Umfutho wamanzi uphezulu kakhulu kungadala ukulimala noma ukungasebenzi kahle kohlelo, ngakho-ke kufakwa isitholi sokunciphisa ingcindezi emanzini ohlelweni lwamanzi.

Isici esisebenzayo sokunciphisa ngakunye kuyinto ekhethekile ulwelwesi unesibopho sokunciphisa ukuthi ingcindezi yamanzi isebenza kanjani ohlelweni lwamanzi.

Lapho iqhuma lamanzi liqine kakhulu ulwelwesi ku reductor, intwasahlobo iyaphakanyiswa, ekhulisa uphawu futhi ivumela ukucindezelwa kwamanzi okudingekayo kutholakale. Lapho ingcindezi lehla ngaphansi kweleveli ebekiwe, intwasahlobo iyehla, okuvumela ukuthi amanzi ageleze.

Kunezixazululo ezahlukahlukene, ezivame kakhulu eziyinkimbinkimbi ezisetshenziswa emakethe kepha ngokuhlaziya rumgomo wokusebenza kwengcindezi eductor ngalinye aliguquki: idayaphragm, uphawu ne-valve zisebenza ndawonye ukugcina ingcindezi yokuphuma isezingeni eliphephile.

Imvamisa, ukuthengwa kwesinciphisi sokucindezela kwamanzi kuba yisidingo, ngoba ukusetshenziswa kwaso kuvikela uhlelo lwamanzi ekuhlulekeni okubangelwa yingcindezi ephezulu kakhulu futhi kuyindlela yokunciphisa ukulahleka kwamanzi ohlelweni.

Bheka futhi: Ukuthambisa kwamanzi

Kusetshenziselwa ukuncishiswa kwengcindezi yamanzi lapho:

  • ingcindezi yokusebenza kwesistimu idlula inani elivumelekile
  • ingcindezi ephakeme ye-valve yokuphepha idlula ama-80% omfutho wokuvula i-valve
  • ukusetshenziswa ngezikhathi ezithile kokufakwa kungafaka ubungozi bokweqile kwesikhashana
  • ingcindezi yokuphumula ekufakweni idlula ibha engu-5

Abalawuli bezingcindezi zamanzi bayafiseleka lapho ingcindezi yenethiwekhi ekhona (Ukuhlinzekwa kwamanzi) iphakeme kakhulu isitshalo noma imishini noma ingaphansi kokuguquguquka ngezikhathi ezithile.

Bheka futhi: Guqula i-osmosis

Ngokuthengisiwe ungathola amadivayisi wemiklamo ehlukahlukene futhi enziwe ngezinto ezahlukahlukene:

  • I-Cartridge (cartridge) ehlisayo inomzimba wethusi oxhumene ne-cartridge eyicezu elilodwa elinesihlungi se-mesh nophawu. Lo mklamo uvumela ukuthi okufakwayo kususwe ngemeshini yokuvikela yokuhlanza. Yonke imishini yokunciphisa umfutho wamanzi ingaphakathi kwebhokishi ngakho-ke ukugcinwa ngeke kushintshe ukulungiswa kwengcindezi.
  • insimbi engenasici amelana kancane nezinqubo zokugqwala kunokwehlisa ithusi. Lezi zokugcina zibiza kakhulu, kepha zizosebenza kangcono ngokusetshenziswa kwamanzi okuphezulu.
  • I-1 intshi ingcindezi yokunciphisa amanzi, isinciphisi se-¾ noma i-1/2 ingcindezi yokucindezela amanzi ikhethiwe ngokuya ngobubanzi bepayipi yokunikezela. Ukuqina kwama-minimers amancane kuyafana kwabakhulu, futhi kukhethwe kahle kuzohlala iminyaka ethile.
  • ingcindezi yokucindezela kwamanzi ngesihlungi yisisombululo esihle kakhulu ekufakweni ngaphandle kwezinye izihlungi. Isihlungi ngasinye esisetshenzisiwe sivikela ukufakwa kumonakalo owenziwe ngemishini futhi noma ngabe sonakele, ukufakwa kwe-kunciphisi kulula kakhulu futhi kushibhile kunokukhipha ukwehluleka ekufakweni kwamanzi konke noma ukufaka amanye amadivayisi asebenza kuwo. Kubalulekile ukuthi ukuhlanza okujwayelekile kwenziwa ngenethiwekhi yokuhlunga efakwe enhla yomthamo wokucindezela kwamanzi.
  • ingcindezi yokucindezela kwamanzi nge-pressure gauge eyakhelwe ngaphakathi noma engaphandle yenza kube lula ukuyisebenzisa futhi ikhulisa ukusebenziseka kalula kohlelo lwamanzi, inikeze ukufundwa okusheshayo kwengcindezi yoqobo ohlelweni lwamanzi.
  • ingcindezi yokucindezela kwamanzi ngesihlungi kanye negeji yokucindezela Isixazululo esibanzi futhi kulula kakhulu ukusisebenzisa.

Amamodeli we-cheaper we-Administrators anengcindezi esethwa efektri. Uma ukhetha isinciphisi esibiza kakhulu samanzi, ungaguqula futhi uguqule amapharamitha edivayisi ngesandla.

Bheka futhi: I-Poidełko

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